Interested to know about Textile testing? You’ve come to the right place.
This article talks about, what is textile testing? Importance of textile testing, and commons textile tests to help you learn all you need to know about textile tests.
What is Textile Testing?
Textile testing is a process in which the manufacturers of clothes and garments perform several tests on a cloth to ensure it will be comfortable for humans to wear and durable as well.
Every human being on the planet of Earth wears clothes, except few old-school tribes covering their bodies with leaves in Africa. Clothes are an important part of everyone's life and when someone goes for shopping some, they ensure the durability, comfortability, and budget at the same time.
So, the textile testing process that utilizes several tests on physical, mechanical, and chemical properties of textiles to make sure the final outcomes will be suitable in every aspect.
These tests are performed before a textile goes into widespread use, or sometimes on the textile imported from other countries like the US, China, etc. Although there are already standards established for textile testing in the United States of America, where there are no rules, textile testing matters a lot.
The prime reason behind these tests is to make a better end-user product. There should be no fault, no problems or what so ever in a final product.
Important of Textile Testing
In fabric production, testing can be said to be a system via which the properties of different styles of substance are ascertained and assessed. Testing is a crucial section of the fabric industry which enables to locate defects present in machines or fabric Materials to improve the quality and deliver satisfactory results.
Textile testing is important in the sense that it allows companies, and corporations to deliver safe and good quality textiles for end customers. Textile production is performed globally and sent to the market in cross countries as a trade opportunity. So all harmful chemicals, impurities, or any other regulatory cracks are dealt with before sending the textile to customers.
When textile did on a large scale, there are a lot of chemicals and other kinds of liquids used for the preparation of fabrics, clothes, and garments. So, testing matters a lot because the final product should be comfortable and safe to wear for end users.
Typical applications for textile testing include:
- Automotive textiles
- Carpets / Rugs
- Fiber testing
- Leather / leather goods
- Netting / fish nets
- Nonwovens such as diapers, wipes etc.
- Webbing / belts
- Twine / string
Okay, now let us tell you what type of textile testing is performed on the textiles. There are several testing methods, and, in this article, we will highlight the most important ones.
Eco Textile Testing
Eco Textile Testing ensures the final fabric is ideal for the customer's health and surroundings. This testing involves the number of methods performed at the entire life cycle of products to reduce the hazards to humans and environments.
These tests include:
- AP/APEOs Quick Test
- Banned Azo Colorants and Ozone Depleting Chemicals
- Heavy Metal, Pesticide Residues, and Fungicides, such as Dimethyl fumarate
- Formaldehyde Content
- Eco-Textile Certification
- GB 18401 Testing
Feather and Down Testing
Feather and Down is a test for measuring the quantity of fabric, filling power, thermal properties, and penetration resistance. All these factors are important for the durability of the textile.
Products that have down and feathers must be correctly labeled and made public. The actual number of down and feathers must not be missorted. It is fundamentally crucial that apparel labels declare the down content accurately.
Feather and Down include:
- Composition Analysis
- Filling Power
- Oxygen Number
- Determination of Microbiological State
- Turbidity Test
- Net Weight of Filing Material
- Moisture Content
- Penetration Resistance of the cloth to Feather & Down
- Fiber Migration
Performance testing involves a number of tests to ensure the final outcome will have fair strength, color, and reliability.
Performance testing includes:
- Dimensional stability to washing and dry cleaning
- Colorfastness to light, crocking (rubbing), washing, bleaching
- Physical tests - Strength, abrasion, pilling resistance
- Chemical Tests - finish analysis and pH
- UV protection performance
Benefits of Performance Testing:
- Offers a wide variety and up to date solutions for the fiber and textile industries
- Get to know about important properties of fiber.
- Summarizes electronic testing theories, technologies, and instrumentation for performance textiles.
- It includes participation from an international team of authors. Then it is edited by an expert in the field.
Flammability testing is a critical part of making sure safe and reliable products for consumers. Industry packages for flammability test methods encompass textiles and customer goods, aerospace and transportation, bedding, and furniture materials.
Consumer products must satisfy protection rules and needs before they reach the market, which includes the price of burning, heat, and smoke launch criteria.
A fabric you wear should not only be comfortable but inflammable as well. This is the most important element for fabric because the less a fabric is inflammable the more it's safe for end-user to wear around. In our daily life, we go through a lot of things and if by accident we catch up the fire, the fabric should never help the fire ignite up rather it should take some time. Most importantly, adult apparel and children's sleepwear are the high-priority fabrics going through flammability testing. Following along are rugs, carpets, and upholstery.
Following the DETOX campaign launch in 2011, Greenpeace introduced that international clothing brands and their providers are directly liable for toxic water pollutants around the world, at the same time as uninformed purchasers have become their accomplices.
The low-cost mass production and final disposal of textiles have pumped hazardous substances in the air, polluted ground and drinking water, and created toxic landfills with process chemicals destroying the environment and negatively impact human health. Challenged by the Greenpeace DETOX campaign to clean up its act, the industry has committed to achieving a “Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals” (ZDHC) in the textile and footwear supply chain by 2020.
One of the cheapest large-scale manufacturing and last removal of materials has siphoned dangerous substances noticeable all around, dirtied ground and drinking water, and made harmful landfills with process synthetic concoctions wrecking the earth and contrarily affecting human wellbeing. Tested by the Greenpeace DETOX battle to get it together, the industry has resolved to accomplish a "Zero Discharge of Hazardous Chemicals" (ZDHC) in the material and footwear inventory network by 2020.
Thermal and Water Vapor Resistance Testing
Thermal resistance manufacturing is responsible for the reduction of heat transfer in garments, and water vapor resistance manufacturing makes clothing sweat-friendly and suitable for those who sweat a lot. So, this manufacturing ensures water evaporates quickly from the clothing to deliver utter comfort. Generally, these manufactures are performed on fabrics, films, coatings, and leather for use in clothing, quits, sleepings bags, and other familiar products.
Regarding these manufactures, Levantex offers a full suite of solutions that are chemicals free, comfortable to wear, and ensure the final product that goes to end customers is body-friendly, environment-friendly and safe regarding all other aspects.
Levantex is a registered and approved company by GOIEC (General Organization for Export and Import Control) so you can be sure our products are in compliance with all the standard rules and regulations. We have experienced staff in our fabric manufacturing custom-made textiles under your own specifications with personalized attention. Contact us for more information!